الخطة الدراسية لامتحان شهادة المجلس الطبي الاردني (البورد الاردني) لتخصص طب الاسنان الجزء الاول

 

Jordanian Dental Board Examination part one

Recommended reading list

 

 

Section 1: Craniofacial development and growth

  • Embryologic derivation of dental and oral structures and development of somites (especially: metotic and prootic somites)
  • Development of the maxillofacial complex
    • Development of the branchial arches
    • Development of the face, jaws, palate, tongue, thyroid gland
  • Growth of the skull and jaws.
    • Endochondral and intra-membranous ossification
    • Types of cartilaginous growth
    • Growth of the base of the skull (synchondroses)
    • Growth of the condylar cartilage
  • Development of the teeth and tooth supporting tissues
    • Stages of tooth development
    • Amelogenesis and dentinogenesis
    • Development of the root and periodontium

Section 2: Anatomy of the Head and Neck, Oral anatomy

Head and Neck

  • Osteology of Head and Neck
  • The scalp & face
  • The temporal region
  • Infratemporal and pterygopalatine fossae
  • The statoaccoustic organ (ear), Orbital cavity, and nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses
  • Cranial fossae
  • Soft palate and pharynx
  • The Neck: Deep Fascia, the triangles of the neck, root of the neck, cervical vertebrae. cervical plexus, thyroid gland and larynx
  • Cranial Nerves
  • Vascular system and Lymphatic drainage of the head and neck

Oral Anatomy

  • Dental anatomy and occlusion
  • Chronology of tooth development
  • Palate, floor of the mouth, tongue, salivary glands, and the temporomandibular joint.
  • Facial spaces and spread of odontogenic infections
  • Regional anatomy for Local Anesthesia in Dentistry

 

Section 3: Oral Histology, oral physiology, and oral pathology

 

Oral Histology

  • Structure of the dental hard tissues, the dental pulp, and supporting tissues of the teeth.
  • Oral mucosae including gingiva and dentogingival junction: Structure and function.
  • Structure of the salivary glands.
  • Histology of TMJ.

 

Oral Physiology

  • Saliva: composition, physiochemical properties and its role in oral health and disease.
  • Temporomandibular joint: articular surfaces, interarticular meniscus, and synovial fluid: its structure, function and common disturbances
  • Control of jaw posture and movement.
  • Mastication and: muscles of mastication, chewing cycles, oral sensory reflexes.
  • Physiology of swallowing and gag reflex: development, mechanism and neural control.
  • Oral sensory perception: the nature and distribution of sensory receptors in the mouth and face
  • Physiology of oral and dental pain
  • Physiology of tooth eruption: mechanisms and theories.

 

Oral Pathology

  • Developmental disorders of teeth, soft tissues, and craniofacial malformations e.g. cleft lip and palate.
  • Caries, diseases of pulp, periapical region and periodontium
  • Diseases of the oral mucosa: white and red lesions, infections, ulcerations, swellings, pigmentations and neoplasms.
  • Diseases of salivary glands: functional, infective, obstructive and neoplastic.
  • Odontogenic cysts and tumors
  • Diseases of jaw bones: hereditary, inflammatory, metabolic, fibro-osseous and neoplastic.

Section 4: General physiology

  • Cellular physiology.
  • Neurophysiology:

CNS organization                                      

Somatic sensation system

Touch pain thermal and proprioception

Special sensations

Smell and taste 

Motor system

Muscle reflexes: types and mechanisms 

The nature of motor control

Cranial nerves: components, distribution, function, lesions and disorders

Brain stem reticular activating system: function and role in coma and sleep

  • Muscle physiology:

Skeletal muscle structure & Mechanics of contraction

Characteristics of muscle contraction

Muscle length & tension relation

Muscle load & velocity of contraction relation

Motor unit summation & Tetanization

Energetic of contraction & Muscle fatigue

Adaptation of skeletal muscle to demands

Skeletal muscle pathology

  • Kidneys:

Renal role in hormone and drug clearance

Renal Control of Acid-Base Balance.

  • Nutrition: 

Body Energetics,

Dietary balance and Regulation of food intake

Essential Dietary components

Mineral & Vitamins requirements

  • Blood physiology:

Plasma volume, composition & function

Blood volume, composition & and cell count

White blood cell types & function            

Platelets count & function            

Hemostasis, mechanism and disorders

  • Cardiovascular system:

Cardiac Action Potential & electrical Conduction System of the heart

The normal Electrocardiography (ECG)

Heart as a pump & cardiac cycle

Cardiac output & venous return

Circulation and Hemodynamics

Regulation of arterial blood pressure & Heart rate

The Role of the Autonomic Nervous System

Circulatory Disturbances

Edema

Hyperemia & congestion

Hemorrhage

Thrombosis

Embolism

Infarction

Shock

  • Respiratory System:

Pulmonary function

Mechanism of respiration

Regulation of respiration

Pulmonary Function Tests

  • Endocrine System: Component, function & disorders
  • Physiology of Bone: Bone cells, Bone remodeling, bone fracture and repair.

 

Section 5: General pathology, immunology, and microbiology

General Pathology

  • Cell and tissue Damage.
  • Acute and chronic inflammation
  • Wound healing
  • Neoplasm & Disorders of growth
  • Hemodynamic disorders: shock & hemorrhage, Edema, thromboembolism, and infarction.
  • Fever and hypothermia

General Immunology:

  • Immune response:
  • Nonspecific and specific immunity
  • Functional steps in the immune response.
  • Hypersensitivity and autoimmunity.

General Microbiology:

  • Disinfection and sterilization; control of cross infection
  • Oral microbiology of caries, periodontal disease and dental infections.
  • Bacteriology: Staphylococci, Streptococci, and bacterial infections related to dentistry such as TB, syphilis, actinomycosis, leprosy.
  • Fungi: Candidiasis
  • Viruses: general properties, classification, life cycle and reproduction, and main viruses related to dentistry (Herpes, Papilloma, Mumps, HIV, Hepatitis, Coxsackie).

Section 6: Therapeutics in relation to dentistry

  • Antimicrobial agents: mode of action, toxicity, resistance and dosage.
  • Mediators of pain and inflammation; peripherally and centrally acting analgesics; anti-inflammatory agents
  • Drug interactions especially in dentistry
  • Pharmacology of local anesthesia.

 

Section 7: Dental aspects of medically compromised patients

  • Respiratory system: Asthma, COPD
  • Cardiovascular disease: Ischemic heart disease, congenital disease, hypertension, and heart failure.
  • Blood disorders: anemia and bleeding disorders.
  • Renal disease: renal failure
  • Liver disease: hepatitis and liver cirrhosis
  • Endocrine disease: diabetes, adrenal dysfunction.
  • Neural disorders: Epilepsy

Suggested Reference list:

 

  1. Oral Anatomy, Embryology and Histology. B. K. B. Berkovitz, Graham Rex Holland, B. J. Moxham. Mosby, 4th edition, 2009. 
  2. Textbook of Medical Physiology. Guyton and Hall, Saunders QT. 12th edition, 2010.
  3. Essentials of microbiology for dental students.  Jeremy Bagg, T. Wallace MacFarlane, Ian R. Poxton. Oxford medical publications. 2nd edition, 2005.
  4. Robbins Basic Pathology. Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abbas, Jon C. Aster. Saunders W. 9th edition, 2012.
  5. Oral microbiology and immunology. Russell J. Nisengard, Michael G. Newman.  Saunders, 2nd edition, 1993. 
  6. Pharmacology and Therapeutics for Dentistry. John A. Yagiela, Frank J. Dowd, Bart Johnson, Angelo Mariotti, and Enid A. Neidle, 6th Edition, 2010.
  7. Anatomy for Dental Students. Johnson and Moore. 3rd edition. Oxford university press, 1997.
  8. Oral Bioscience. Ferguson D. B. Churchill Livingston. 2nd edition, 2006.
  9. Medical problems in dentistry Crispian Scully, 7th edition, 2014.
  10.  Oral Pathology J. V. Soames, J. C. Southam, 4th edition 2005.